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He wears an armband, and a cloak with drilled trefoil , single circle and double circle motifs, which show traces of red. His eyes might have originally been inlaid. A seal discovered at the site bears the image of a seated, cross-legged and possibly ithyphallic figure surrounded by animals.

The figure has been interpreted by some scholars as a yogi , and by others as a three-headed "proto- Shiva " as "Lord of Animals". Sir Mortimer Wheeler was especially fascinated with this artifact, which he believed to be at least 4, years old.

Each strand has between and of the many-faceted nuggets, and there are about 1, nuggets in total. The necklace weighs about grams in total, and is presently held in a private collection in India. Contributions were made by a number of other countries to the project:.

Preservation work for Mohenjo-daro was suspended in December after funding from the Pakistani government and international organizations stopped. In , responsibility for the preservation of the site was transferred to the government of Sindh. Currently the site is threatened by groundwater salinity and improper restoration.

Many walls have already collapsed, while others are crumbling from the ground up. In , Pakistani archaeologists warned that, without improved conservation measures, the site could disappear by This would have exposed the site to mechanical operations, including excavation and drilling.

Farzand Masih, head of the Department of Archaeology at Punjab University warned that such activity was banned under the Antiquity Act , saying "You cannot even hammer a nail at an archaeological site. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the archaeological site. For the film, see Mohenjo Daro film. Sanitation of the Indus Valley Civilization. Cities in South Asia. Possehl 11 November An Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis". Could this ancient city be lost forever?

Retrieved 27 October Presented at the World Classical Tamil Conference Retrieved 8 April Tracing the death of a river". Retrieved 9 June Naylor; Dahia Ibo Shabaka Second International Symposium on Mohenjo-daro, 24—27 February American Institute of Pakistan Studies. Retrieved 14 November Over the centuries houses were rebuilt and street levels rose; new courses of bricks were therefore added to the wells to keep their tops at the same height with respect to the street.

The removal of earth and debris during the excavation of the city has left many wells standing like towers high above the exposed remnants of earlier streets.

Archaeology Online ; retrieved 8 April The mound also had a great bath 39 feet by 23 feet, flanked by a large pillared hall, small rooms, and a granary. A well-laid-out town lay below the citadel with streets running in a grid pattern oriented to the points of the compass. The town was divided into wards according to function, such as areas for shops, workshops, and residences. All buildings were made with baked bricks of uniform size.

Besides private wells in the courtyards of two-story individual residences, there were also public wells at street intersections. Covered sewers disposed of waste. There was also a cemetery where graves were neatly oriented in the same direction.

There were no palaces or royal cemeteries. The sewer systems were built to remove dirty water and waste out of the home and into the Indus River. These sewer systems allowed them to have bathrooms throughout the city. The reason for the cart was for hauling grain or crops to a destination.

Having oxen pull was a great help because loads could get very heavy. Both inventions during this time period helped Mohenjo-Daro people succeed in daily life. Mohenjo-Daro had art in a few ways. In Mohenjo-Daro they made sculptures, clay models, beaded items, and seals. These art pieces were used for many different purposes. Each art piece had a different meaning.

Seals were used for protection against evil. Sculptures made it possible for us to see who they looked in ancient times. Beaded items are still used today for decoration and jewelry. All art is very interesting even to ancient people. The food supply was stable and strong in the Mohenjo-Daro community. The stable food supply consisted of wheat, barley, millet, fruit, vegetables and fish. The people were able to grow the grain and vegetation because the river would flood at times. The reason they had fish is because the city was along the Indus River.

Mohenjo-Daro was able to eat many types of fish, even ones that exist today.


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Essay on Mohenjo-daro and Harappa. Length: words ( double-spaced pages) Rating: Strong Essays. Open Document. Essay Preview. It is funny how we human beings never take a second to think about or appreciate the history and aspects of items that .

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Mohenjo-Daro Essay Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa are two ancient cities located on the banks of the Indus and its tributary the Ravi River in the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent.

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Mohenjo-daro is widely recognized as one of the most important early cities of South Asia and the Indus Civilization and yet most publications rarely provide more than a cursory overview of this important site. Mohenjo-daro is a large peripheral trading center. Rakhigari and Ganweriwala (not yet excavated in ) on the Sarasvati are as big as Mohenjo-daro. So Words.

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ESSAY ON MOHENJO DARO. Wolf assembles essays and answers – ancient star hrithik roshan suffered a. Essay english culture essay study of its time, pakistan border - dancing girl of two a journalist who try to feed your life. Mohenjo Daro, or "Mound of the Dead" is an ancient Indus Valley Civilization city that flourished between and BCE. The site was discovered in the s and lies in Pakistan's Sindh province. Only a handful of archaeologists have excavated here, described in the introduction and illustrated essay.